Media Statement by MP for Bangi and DAP Assistant Political Education Director, Dr. Ong Kian Ming on 12 May 2021:
Government needs to have a strategic and targeted approach towards sectors and individuals most affected by MCO 2.0 and MCO 3.0 using the policies and capabilities of ALL government ministries
Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) announced yesterday that the 1st quarter GDP growth for 2021 was negative 0.5% (compared to positive 0.7% growth during the same time period in 2020). This was not surprising given the implementation of the 2nd Movement Control Order (MCO 2.0) on the 13th of January, 2021. Now, with the implementation of the 3rd nationwide Movement Control Order on the 10th of May, 2021, the sectors and individuals who suffered the most in Q1 2021 will also continue to bleed in Q2 2021, perhaps in even more serious ways. What is needed now is a targeted approach by the government involving ALL Ministries (not just the Ministry of Finance and the Ministry of Human Resources) to help the sectors and the individuals most affected by the lockdown in a strategic and targeted manner.
Understand the impact of MCO on various sectors
Firstly, it is important for the policy makers to understand the impact of the MCO on the various sectors and even subsectors. For example, the agriculture sector as a whole grew by 0.4% but within this sector, there is great variance. The rubber sector experienced a 12% contraction, the marine fishing sector and aquaculture sectors contracted by 9.6% and 5.2% respectively and even the oil palm sector contracted by 3.5%, probably because the drop in production due to foreign workers’ work permit issues that overwhelmed the increase in Crude Palm Oil (CPO) prices.
The manufacturing sector grew at a healthy pace of 6.6% but there are differences among the sub-sectors. For example, the textiles sector grew by only 2.1% probably because not many people were buying new clothes because of Work From Home (WFH) policies. Paper products grew by 10.9% perhaps because of more packaging from online orders. Computers and Electrical Components grew by 9.% and 12.4% respectively, probably due to a worldwide trend of parents buying more gadgets for themselves to work from home and for their children to learn at home.
The construction sector contracted by a massive 10.4% but within this sector, the drop in civil engineering services was 28.8% while specialised construction activities actually increased by 16.9% (government infrastructure projects such as the MRT 2 and the Centralized Sewerage System in Hulu Langat perhaps?)
The services sector contracted by 2.4% but this masks great variances in the sectors that were badly affected and those that did quite well. Not surprisingly, there was contraction in the tourism and travel related sectors such as F&B (-23.2%), accommodation (-59.1%) and the transportation and storage (-16.2%) sectors. The private education sector fell by 10.6% probably because student enrolment both foreign and local were negatively affected. Even private health care services fell by 4.7% probably because people were wary of going to private hospitals because of fears about Covid-19 infection. On the other hand, the finance and insurance sectors (+11.3% and +11.2% respectively) experienced healthy growth due to spare cash from i-Sinar withdrawals being used to purchase stocks and upgrade existing insurance plans and money that would have been spent on travel were spent on financial investments and insurance instead.
Adopt different strategies for different sectors
Understanding the MCO’s impact on the different sectors should lead the government to adopt a differentiated, strategic and targeted approach towards helping the most negatively impacted industries and people in these industries. For example, fishermen with smaller boats may not have been able to go out to catch fish, especially if their foreign workers had gone back to Indonesia before MCO 1.0 or 2.0 and could not return back to Malaysia after the end of the lockdown. Their incomes would have been badly affected by the MCO. On the other hand, those fishermen with bigger boats and with better networking with fish wholesalers, some of whom were doing good business selling direct to the consumer during the lockdown, would not require much assistance.
Similarly, the drop in overall palm oil production would not hurt the big players since they have ample reserves and some of them may have seen their profits increase because of the hike in CPO prices due to the supply shocks. On the other hand, small holders would have suffered more because of foreign workers labour issues and they could not be as well positioned as the big boys to capitalize on the increase in palm oil prices.
In construction, many of the big construction companies are still attempting to finish their existing projects but would be holding off from launching new projects. Those with sufficient cash reserves would not be that badly affected especially since cash flow may still be funded by the financial institutions via progress payments made on existing sales. Some civil engineers may be out of work because the lack of new projects means that some of the work that they do (piling, foundation, etc…) would not be required during the later stages of building and construction.
The 6R strategy
With this in mind, the Prime Minister should then direct EACH Ministry to come up with their own strategy and plan to assist, restructure and later revive each of the sectors and sub-sectors under their purview. The 6R strategy employed by the Ministry of Finance, under Tengku Zafrul, are a helpful guide namely:
- RESOLVE to contain Covid-19.
- RESILIENCE (through the PRIHATIN economic stimulus packages).
- RESTART the economy systematically.
- RECOVER (via short and medium term plans).
- REVITALISE the economy holistically.
- REFORM the underlying structure of the economy to promote growth post MCO.
The question that remains is this – what is the strategy of the OTHER Ministries to take care of the sectors under their purview, perhaps using the 6R strategy employed by the Ministry of Finance (MOF)? I am ready to offer my services to any Ministry (Free of Charge) to discuss possible strategies on how to assist, revive and recover their respective sectors and sub-sectors.